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Using Ant Colony System to Consolidate VMs for Green Cloud Computing

Fahimeh Farahnakian, Adnan Ashraf, Tapio Pahikkala, Pasi Liljeberg, Juha Plosila, Ivan Porres, Hannu Tenhunen, Using Ant Colony System to Consolidate VMs for Green Cloud Computing. IEEE Transactions on Services Computing PP(99), 13, 2015.



High energy consumption of cloud data centers is a matter of great concern. Dynamic consolidation of Virtual Machines (VMs) presents a significant opportunity to save energy in data centers. A VM consolidation approach uses live migration of VMs so that some of the under-loaded Physical Machines (PMs) can be switched-off or put into a low-power mode. On the other hand, achieving the desired level of Quality of Service (QoS) between cloud providers and their users is critical. Therefore, the main challenge is to reduce energy consumption of data centers while satisfying QoS requirements. In this paper, we present a distributed system architecture to perform dynamic VM consolidation to reduce energy consumption of cloud data centers while maintaining the desired QoS. Since the VM consolidation problem is strictly NP-hard, we use an online optimization metaheuristic algorithm called Ant Colony System (ACS). The proposed ACS-based VM Consolidation (ACSVMC) approach finds a near-optimal solution based on a specified objective function. Experimental results on real workload traces show that ACS-VMC reduces energy consumption while maintaining the required performance levels in a cloud data center. It outperforms existing VM consolidation approaches in terms of energy consumption, number of VM migrations, and QoS requirements concerning performance.


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BibTeX entry:

  title = {Using Ant Colony System to Consolidate VMs for Green Cloud Computing},
  author = {Farahnakian, Fahimeh and Ashraf, Adnan and Pahikkala, Tapio and Liljeberg, Pasi and Plosila, Juha and Porres, Ivan and Tenhunen, Hannu},
  journal = {IEEE Transactions on Services Computing},
  volume = {PP},
  number = {99},
  publisher = {IEEE},
  pages = {13},
  year = {2015},
  keywords = {Dynamic VM consolidation, ant colony system, cloud computing, green computing, energy-efficiency, SLA},
  ISSN = {1939-1374},

Belongs to TUCS Research Unit(s): Software Engineering Laboratory (SE Lab), Embedded Computer and Electronic Systems (ECES)

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